We just broke the record for hottest year, 9 straight times | Dana Nuccitelli

Dana Nuccitelli: Earths record hottest 12 consecutive months were set in each month ending in September 2015 through May 2016

2014 and 2015 each set the record for hottest calendar year since we began measuring surface temperatures over 150 years ago, and 2016 is almost certain to break the record once again. It will be without precedent: the first time that weve seen three consecutive record-breaking hot years.

But its just happenstance that the calendar year begins in January, and so its also informative to compare all yearlong periods. In doing so, it becomes clear that were living in astonishingly hot times.

June 2015 through May 2016 was the hottest 12-month period on record. That was also true of May 2015 through April 2016, and the 12 months ending in March 2016. In fact, its true for every 12 months going all the way back to the period ending in September 2015, according to global surface temperature data compiled by Kevin Cowtan and Robert Way. We just set the record for hottest year in each of the past 9 months.

Running 12-month average global surface temperature using data compiled by Kevin Cowtan and Robert Way. Illustration: Dana Nuccitelli

These record temperatures have been assisted by a very strong El Nio event, which brought warm water to the ocean surface, temporarily warming global surface temperatures. But todays temperatures are only record-setting because the El Nio was superimposed on top of human-caused global warming.

For comparison, 19971998 saw a very similar monster El Nio event. And similarly, the 12-month hottest temperature record was set in each month from October 1997 through August 1998. That was likewise a case of El Nio and global warming teaming up to shatter previous temperature records.

The difference is that while September 1997August 1998 was the hottest 12-month period on record at the time; its now in 60th place. Its been surpassed by yearlong periods in 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2014, 2015, and 2016. Many of those years werent even aided by El Nio events; unassisted global warming made them hotter than 1998.

Global surface temperatures are now more than 0.3C hotter than they were in 19971998. Thats a remarkable rise over just 18 years, in comparison to the 1C the Earths average surface temperatures have risen since the Industrial Revolution began.

This has all happened during a time when no significant warming in 18 years has been one of the rallying cries of climate denial. In reality, when we compare apples to apples El Nio years to El Nio years weve seen more than 0.3C global surface warming over the past 18 years, which is in line with climate model predictions. Climate models are wrong has been another now-debunked climate denial rallying cry.

Now that the past years El Nio event is over, the streak of record-breaking yearlong periods appears to have ended. Nevertheless, 2016 remains on track to break that record for the hottest calendar year, for an unprecedented third consecutive year, following record years in 2010 and 2005 as well.

Gavin Schmidt (@ClimateOfGavin) May 14, 2016

With Apr update, 2016 still > 99% likely to be a new record (assuming historical ytd/ann patterns valid). pic.twitter.com/GTN9sPL2D7

With the Earth warming dangerously rapidly, at a rate 2050 times faster than the fastest rate of natural global warming, one cant help but wonder when the influence of the small minority of disproportionately powerful climate denial groups will wane.

195 countries pledged to curb their carbon pollution in the tremendously successful Paris climate negotiations, but climate denial is still predominant in one of Americas two political parties, and may be gaining foothold in other regions of the Anglosphere like the UK and Australia. Fortunately, many other countries like China, India, and Canada seem to be moving in the right direction with their climate and energy policies.

Now that climate denials bread and butter arguments are toast, Novembers US elections will be critical in determining whether the country continues along the path of climate leadership established by President Obama, or allows the oil industrys puppet party to continue peddling long-debunked myths in order to delay climate action and put future generations at risk.

With global warming constantly breaking temperature records, and dozens of scientific organizations warning policymakers that To reduce the risk of the most severe impacts of climate change, greenhouse gas emissions must be substantially reduced, we can no longer use ignorance as an excuse.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2016/jul/11/we-just-broke-the-record-for-hottest-year-9-straight-times

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